The 10 Rules of Landscape Photography

The 10 Rules of Landscape Photography
Rainbows over Jasper National Park Alberta Canada

Landscape photography is a captivating genre that allows photographers to capture the natural beauty of the world. Whether you’re a seasoned professional or a budding enthusiast, mastering the fundamentals of landscape photography can elevate your work to new heights. Here are ten essential rules to help you achieve stunning landscape photographs.


National Geographic Greatest Landscapes: Stunning Photographs That Inspire and Astonish Hardcover
National Geographic Greatest Landscapes: Stunning Photographs That Inspire and Astonish Hardcover


1. Plan and Scout Your Locations

Moraine Lake Sunrise Blue Skies Canoes
Moraine Lake Sunrise Blue Skies Canoes

Preparation is key in landscape photography. Research and plan your locations in advance. Use tools like Google Earth, photography apps, and weather forecasts to find the best spots and conditions for your shoot. Scouting the location ahead of time, if possible, allows you to familiarize yourself with the terrain, lighting conditions, and potential compositions. This preparation ensures you’re ready to capture the perfect moment when it arises.

The shot above of Moraine Lake, was in my mind even before we went to Banff. We were in Banff and Jasper National Park area for almost three weeks.  We can back to this scene three days in a row to get the right weather, light, and composition for this shot.

2. Chase the Golden Hours

Sunset at Le Kliff Puerto Vallarta Mexico
The Marvels of The Golden Hour ~ Sunset at Le Kliff Puerto Vallarta Mexico

Lighting is one of the most critical elements in photography, and landscape photography is no exception. The golden hours—shortly after sunrise and just before sunset—provide the softest and most flattering light. During these times, the sun is low in the sky, creating long shadows, warm tones, and a magical quality that can transform an ordinary scene into something extraordinary. Plan your shoots around these times for the best results.

3. Use a Tripod

Manfrotto Befree 3-Way Live Advanced 4-Section Tripod with Befree 3-Way Live Head
Manfrotto Befree 3-Way Live Advanced 4-Section Tripod with Befree 3-Way Live Head

A tripod is an indispensable tool for landscape photographers. It provides stability, allowing for longer exposure times without the risk of camera shake. This stability is crucial, especially in low-light conditions or when using filters like ND (neutral density) filters for long exposures. A tripod also helps with precise composition adjustments, ensuring your shots are sharp and well-framed.

In my case, I have a cheap, old, smallish tripod. I can be very rough with it, I would not mind if I would loose it or break it. And it does the job.  So use the tool that does the job.

4. Master Your Composition

Iconic Minneapolis Stone Arch Bridge
The Art of Composition ~ Iconic Minneapolis Stone Arch Bridge

Composition is the foundation of a great photograph. Use the rule of thirds to place key elements along the imaginary grid lines, creating balance and interest in your image. Leading lines, such as roads, rivers, or trails, guide the viewer’s eye through the scene, adding depth and perspective. Foreground interest, like rocks or flowers, can anchor the image and provide a sense of scale.

5. Incorporate Depth and Scale

Emerald Lake Yoho National Park British Columbia Canada - Banff National Park - Canadian Rockies Banff National Park Photography Tour - Jasper National Park Alberta Canada
Emerald Lake Yoho National Park British Columbia Canada

Creating a sense of depth and scale can make your landscape photos more immersive and engaging. Use foreground elements to lead the viewer’s eye into the scene. Midground and background elements should complement each other, creating layers that add depth. Including recognizable objects like people, animals, or man-made structures can provide a sense of scale, emphasizing the grandeur of the landscape.

6. Use Filters Effectively

Best Camera Retailer in America Frederick R Weisman Art Museum Minneapolis designed by renowned architect Frank Gehry
Frederick R Weisman Art Museum Minneapolis designed by renowned architect Frank Gehry

Filters are powerful tools that can enhance your landscape photography. Polarizing filters reduce glare and reflections, saturate colors, and increase contrast, making skies appear bluer and clouds more defined. ND filters allow for long exposures in bright conditions, creating effects like smooth water or motion blur in clouds. Graduated ND filters help balance the exposure between the sky and the land, preventing overexposure of the bright sky.

Note the sky in the image above. That is created by using a ND Filter that blocks out the light so that I was able to take a long exposure image on a bright summer day.   Of course this image also required a tripod.

7. Pay Attention to the Weather

Frederick Weisman Art Museum Minneapolis ~ Frank Gehry architect
Frederick Weisman Art Museum Minneapolis ~ Frank Gehry Architect

Weather conditions can dramatically change the mood and appearance of a landscape. Overcast skies create soft, diffused light ideal for shooting waterfalls or forests. Stormy weather can add drama and intensity, while clear skies offer pristine and serene views. Be prepared to adapt to changing weather conditions, and use them to your advantage to create compelling images.

On the image above, I was able to find this incredible light because I decided to go out in a thunderstorm. After the storm cleared, the sun came out under the moody clouds and created this spectacular effect.

8. Shoot in RAW Format

Shooting in RAW format retains all the data captured by your camera’s sensor, giving you maximum flexibility in post-processing. RAW files contain more detail and dynamic range than JPEGs, allowing for greater adjustments in exposure, color balance, and sharpness without degrading image quality. This flexibility is particularly important in landscape photography, where capturing the full range of tones and details can be challenging.

I used to shoot HRD (High Dynamic Range) images in the early days of digital photography. That was because the sensors were not advanced enough to capture that dynamic range of the light actually available in a scene.  So I would take three differently exposed images and merge them in software to get more details.

But now will modern cameras, shooting in RAW there is so much data captured in an image that those old tricks are not longer needed.

9. Practice Patience and Persistence

Landscape photography often requires patience and persistence. Waiting for the right light, weather conditions, or moment can take time, but the results are worth the effort. Revisit locations to capture them in different seasons, times of day, and weather conditions. The more you practice and experiment, the better you’ll become at anticipating and capturing those fleeting moments of beauty.

10. Post-Process Your Images Thoughtfully

Post-processing is an essential part of landscape photography. Use software like Adobe Lightroom or Photoshop to enhance your images. Adjust exposure, contrast, and color balance to bring out the best in your photos. Be mindful not to over-process; aim for natural and realistic results. Use techniques like dodging and burning to selectively lighten or darken areas, adding depth and dimension to your images.

Remember, Ansel Adams spent much of his time in the dark room processing his images.   Photoshop is the modern Dark Room. With just a few skills you can quickly become an artist.


Mastering landscape photography involves a combination of technical skills, artistic vision, and a deep appreciation for the natural world. By following these ten rules, you’ll be well on your way to capturing breathtaking landscapes that inspire and captivate viewers. Remember, the best photographs often come from a place of patience, preparation, and a genuine passion for the beauty that surrounds us. So, grab your camera, head out into nature, and start exploring the endless possibilities of landscape photography.

If you have any questions about any of these topics, please Contact Us. And until next time, get out and capture the adventure.

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Until next time, get out and capture the adventure!!

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The 10 Rules of Landscape Photography

Written by Wayne Moran - Visit Website